Monday, June 17, 2019
Structure of the DNA and RNA Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words
Structure of the DNA and RNA - Essay ExampleFrom the discussion it is clear thatthe DNA sequence is composed of four types of DNA which are deoxyadenosine monophosphate A and Guanine G, Thymine T and Cytosine C.A sugar known as 2-deoxy ribose is phosphorylated at its 5hydroxyl group and quit nucleotides have phosphates representing the mono-, di-, or triphosphate form of the nucleotide known as dGTP, dATP, dTTP and dCTP.This paper highlights that DNA does non exist in a single strand since it is not stable it links with a second strand and intertwines to form a paradigm helix grammatical construction. The bases are bonded to each other at the centre in a particular way whereby Adenine bond with thymine with 2H-bonds and Cytosine bond with Guanine with 3H-bonds. The linear geometry and rigidity of the H-bonds prevents the base pair formation since the compressed lies perpendicular to the axis of the helix. Watson and Crick described the B-DNA as the physiological form of the dou ble helix DNA. The sequence of bases in the polymer encodes the genetic information for protein synthesis. The real structure of the DNA, however, deviates slightly from the B form in a sequence dependent manner as well as depending on the interaction with DNA-binding proteins.A double helix has the minor and major grooves winding along the helix surface. In those grooves, parts of the ring structures of the purines and pyrimidines are exposed to the surface of the helix this is the site where or so protein-DNA interactions occur.